Its active ingredients mainly include alkaloids, volatile oils and glycosides. It has the functions of inhibiting harmful microorganisms, regulating immunity, anti-oxidation and regulating metabolism. At present, most natural plant extracts mainly include saponins, alkaloids, polysaccharides and tea polyphenols. , flavonoids, volatile oil, etc.
Other names: alkali soap; saponin; saponin (zao dai); saponin; or saponin.
Saponin is a kind of glycoside with aglycones as triterpenes or spiral tropanes. It is mainly distributed in higher plants on land, and also in marine organisms such as starfish and sea cucumber. Many of the main active ingredients of Chinese herbal medicines such as ginseng, Polygala, Campanulaceae, licorice, Zhimu and Bupleurum contain saponins. Some saponins also have antibacterial activity or valuable biological activity such as antipyretic, sedative and anti-cancer.